RaspberryPISourceInstall

Version 17 (coder, 03/01/2016 22:03) → Version 18/27 (coder, 08/01/2016 23:40)

h1. RaspberryPiSourceInstall

This page explains how to install the libavg developer version from github on a Raspberry Pi by cross-compiling. The process involves compiling libavg on a separate Linux machine. The benefit of this is that compiling on the Pi 2 takes around an hour, while cross-compiling takes a few minutes (The original Pi would finish in 4-6 hours or fail with an out of memory condition). The downside is that it's a bit harder to set up. To Alternatively, you can compile directly on the Pi, install libSDL as explained below and then follow Pi by following the [[UbuntuSourceInstall]] directions, passing directions and pass <code>--enable-rpi --enable-egl</code> to configure.

Note that Raspberry Pi support is still beta - we're working on fixing all remaining issues.

h2. Install dependencies on the Pi

*_On the Pi_*, install the needed packages:

<pre>
<code>$ sudo apt-get install git automake autoconf libtool libxml2-dev \
libpango1.0-dev librsvg2-dev libgdk-pixbuf2.0-dev libavcodec-dev libavformat-dev \
libswscale-dev libavresample-dev python-dev libboost-python-dev libboost-thread-dev g++ libSDL-dev \
libxxf86vm-dev libdc1394-22-dev linux-libc-dev
</code></pre>

h2. Install libSDL

<pre>
<code>$ sudo apt-get install libfreeimage-dev libopenal-dev libsndfile-dev libudev-dev \
libasound2-dev libjpeg8-dev libtiff5-dev libwebp-dev
</code></pre>

Add the following line to @/etc/apt/sources.list@:

<pre>
<code>deb http://http.debian.net/debian wheezy-backports main
</code></pre>

Then:

<pre>
<code>$ sudo apt-get -t wheezy-backports install libevdev-dev
</code></pre>

Say 'Y' to the 'Install without verification' prompt.

Download libsdl from libsdl.org, unpack the tarball. Then build and install libSDL:

<pre>
<code>$ ./configure --host=armv7l-raspberry-linux-gnueabihf --disable-pulseaudio --disable-esd --disable-video-mir --disable-video-wayland --disable-video-x11 --disable-video-opengl
$ make -j5
$ sudo make install
</code></pre>

h2. Set up the Cross-compile Toolchain

This work is done *_on the Linux machine_*.

This is the directory structure we'll need:

<pre>
rpi
libavg - the libavg source tree
root - copy of the PI filesystem
rpi-tools - the toolchain (compiler, linker, etc.) used to cross-compile
staging - the compiled version of libavg that will be copied to the PI
</pre>

Tell the build system where the directory hierarchy is:

<pre>
$ export AVG_RPI_ROOT=.....
</pre>

Download the crosscompile tools to rpi-tools:

<pre>
<code>$ cd rpi
$ git clone git://github.com/raspberrypi/tools.git rpi-tools
</code></pre>

Copy /usr, /lib, and /opt/vc directory trees from the Pi (replace $PI with the IP address of the Pi):

<pre>
<code>$ mkdir root
$ cd root
$ rsync -rl --delete-after --safe-links pi@$PI:/{lib,usr} .
$ rsync -rl --delete-after --safe-links pi@$PI:/opt/vc opt
</code></pre>

Then, fix some system libraries so they don't contain references to absolute directories. Open the files in a text editor and change them. They are:

_root/usr/lib/arm-linux-gnueabihf/libpthread.so_:

<pre>
<code>OUTPUT_FORMAT(elf32-littlearm)
GROUP ( libpthread.so.0 libpthread_nonshared.a )
</code></pre>

_root/usr/lib/arm-linux-gnueabihf/libc.so_:

<pre>
<code>OUTPUT_FORMAT(elf32-littlearm)
GROUP ( libc.so.6 libc_nonshared.a AS_NEEDED ( ld-linux-armhf.so.3 ) )
</code></pre>

Fix some symlinks:

<pre>
<code>$ cd root/usr/lib/arm-linux-gnueabihf/
$ ln -s ../../../lib/arm-linux-gnueabihf/libm.so.6 libm.so
$ ln -s ../../../lib/arm-linux-gnueabihf/libdl.so.2 libdl.so
</code></pre>

Put the toolchain into the path ($RPI is the absolute path to your rpi directory):

<pre>
<code>$ export PATH=$PATH:$AVG_RPI_ROOT/rpi-tools/arm-bcm2708/gcc-linaro-arm-linux-gnueabihf-raspbian-x64/bin
</code></pre>

h2. Build libavg

Tell configure which architecture to build for. For Raspbian on the Pi 2:

<pre>
<code>$ export ARCHFLAGS="-mcpu=cortex-a7 -mfpu=neon-vfpv4"
</code></pre>

and for the older Pi:

<pre>
<code>$ export ARCHFLAGS="-march=armv6 -mfloat-abi=hard -mfpu=vfp"
</code></pre>

for other distros, run <code>gcc -mcpu=native -march=native -Q --help=target</code> on the Pi
to find out what to set ARCHFLAGS to.

Once you've set the architecture, check out libavg and build:

<pre>
<code>$ cd rpi
$ git clone https://github.com/libavg/libavg.git
$ cd libavg
$ ./bootstrap
$ ./rpi-configure
$ DESTDIR=$AVG_RPI_ROOT/staging make -j6
$ DESTDIR=$AVG_RPI_ROOT/staging make install
</code></pre>

h2. Install on the Pi

Copy the compiled libavg to the Pi:

<pre>
<code>$ cd ../staging
$ rsync -au usr pi@$IP:/home/pi/Desktop
</code></pre>

Back *_on the Pi_*, copy libavg from the desktop to its final destination:

<pre>
<code>$ sudo cp -R ~/Desktop/usr/* /usr
</code></pre>

h2. Run the tests

<pre>
<code>$ cd /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/libavg/test/
$ python Test.py
</code></pre>

That's it! libavg should now be running on your Pi.